In 2012, four national Non-governmental Organisations in Cyprus, Italy, Greece and Portugal entered into a partnership to develop and roll-out the IMPACT project.
The overall objective of IMPACT is to research and strengthen monitoring and protection systems against child trafficking and exploitation in these four countries. IMPACT is funded under the European Commission - Prevention of and Fight Against Crime.
The IMPACT project analyses how and to which degree child welfare and protection systems are effective to reduce the risk of trafficking and exploitation and to protect child victims and children at risk. IMPACT assesses the level of compliance of national laws, policies and practice with the needs and rights of the child as afforded under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and other international and regional standards.
The analysis investigates the level of inclusion and/or exclusion of the various national welfare and protection systems, and to which degree their implementation into child rights practice is appropriate and effective to respond to children’s needs and rights.
The overall objective is to identify strategies and elements in law, policy and practice that will help strengthening child protection and social welfare systems to prevent child trafficking and exploitation more effectively.
IMPACT engages in a critical review of the traditional sector-specific approach in child welfare and protection policies that tend to classify children into different groups according to their status or the challenges they are facing. It proposes to more strongly integrate and consolidate these fragmented approaches into broader strategies for the systemic implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Against this background, IMPACT proposes a more holistic and integrated approach to child protection, placing the child at the centre of relevant strategies, programmes, measures and decisions.
The guiding hypothesis of IMPACT is that child trafficking and exploitation can, to a significant extent, be considered a consequence of gaps in the national child welfare and protection systems and the way they are operating in practice. By guaranteeing child welfare and protection for each child, in line with the standards and principles afforded under the CRC, child trafficking and exploitation can be prevented more effectively. Child welfare and protection systems also play a key role in protecting child victims. Prevention and protection policies are therefore closely related through a continuum of child welfare and protection policies, programmes and practice and the implementation of the CRC.
The participating organizations include:
® 2012-2013 IMPACT
Improving and Monitoring Protection Systems
Against Child Trafficking and Exploitation