IMPACT engages in a discussion of the capability of the public administrations to implement child rights standards effectively and consistently into child rights practice. Strengthening the capability of the public administration to implement is considered the key strategy for reducing the risk of exploitation, enhancing children’s resilience and offering stronger protection from exploitation and trafficking. This approach shall be considered complementary to the traditional anti-trafficking responses, proposing strong partnerships, cooperation and coordination of all the relevant sectors and actors involved. The promotion of human rights standards and their implementation into practice is considered the foundation on which anti-trafficking responses can lead to more sustainable results. It provides an opportunity to leverage the impact of traditional anti-trafficking measures and is expected to render the precious resources invested in this field more effective.

The effective implementation of the Convention would essentially contribute to identifying and redressing the structural factors that contribute to creating vulnerability to exploitation and trafficking. The Convention provides for a continuum of measures for prevention, protection and empowerment and can thereby lead policy makers in the development of more inclusive and appropriate responses that are considered more cost-effective and sustainable. As has been noted by the Committee on the Rights of the Child, effective protection from violence, exploitation and abuse can only be achieved in an environment that safeguards and promotes all the human rights of the child in an integrated way. The Convention guides an assessment of the rights and needs of the child across all aspects of the child’s person and development. It has a programmatic character that expands the notion of rights to a holistic understanding of the person.

The IMPACT study assessed to which degree national laws and policies are compliant with the standards afforded under the Convention. The study examined the level of inclusion of the various sector-specific approaches in policy and practice, and to which degree their implementation into child rights practice is appropriate and effective to respond to children’s needs and rights. It analysed the coherence between different sector-specific policies from a child rights perspective as well as the coherence between legal obligations and political commitments and the practice.

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