Child protection systems need to be effectively integrated into systemic approaches for the implementation of the Convention. There are many areas that are essential for prevention, empowerment and building resilience that cannot be addressed by a child protection approach alone.

On the basis of this assumption, it was a central objective of IMPACT to test the hypothesis that strengthening the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child will contribute to preventing child exploitation and trafficking and protecting children at risk. The objective was to understand the correlations between the status and quality of implementation and the vulnerability of children to exploitation and trafficking. Through the selective discussion presented in the IMPACT transnational analysis, the study comes to the conclusion that the national structures and systems (in place within the four countries analyzed) do not yet provide a sufficiently strong basis for anti-trafficking measures to take hold. Gaps have been identified primarily with regard to two issues: a) national child protection systems are not yet sufficiently prepared to prevent exploitation and trafficking and to protect children at risk; and b) national child protection systems have not yet been effectively integrated into broader strategies for the implementation of the Convention. Although the national laws and policies are considered to offer a sufficient margin of action within all four countries, the overall finding is that these laws and policies are not being implemented consistently into practice. Implementation gaps continue to create an environment in which children are vulnerable to exploitation and trafficking.

The study concludes that there remains a need to strengthen national child protection systems, to promote inclusion and services by valuing diversities, to promote coherence between child protection policies and immigration regime, to promote  efficiency by investing in prevention, to integrate national child protection systems into broader strategies for the implementation of the Convention.

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